Scouting is also known as the Scout Movement – this is a worldwide youth movement with the aim of supporting young people in their physical, mental and spiritual development, so that they may contribute effectively towards social development.
Scouting began in 1907 when Robert Baden-Powell, Lieutenant General in the British Army, held the first Scouting encampment at Brownsea Island in England. During the first half of the 20th century, the movement grew to encompass three major age groups each for boys,
Cub Scout: is a member of the section of the worldwide scouting movement for young persons, mainly boys normally aged 8 – 10. Since about 1990 the Cubs has been open to both girls and boys in several countries.
Boy Scout: is a boy, usually 11 to 18 years of age, participating in the scouting movement.
- character development,
- citizenship training, and
- personal fitness.
The methods by which these aims are achieved are:
Ideals: The ideals of Boy Scouting are spelled out in the Scout Oath, the Scout Law, the Scout motto, and the Scout slogan. The goals are high, and as he reaches for them, he has a vision before him for himself.
Patrols: The patrol method gives Boy Scouts an experience in group living and participating citizenship. The patrol method allows Scouts to interact in small groups where members can easily relate to each other.
Outdoor Programs: In the outdoor setting, Scouts share responsibilities and learn to live with one another. In the outdoors the skills and activities practiced at troop meetings come alive with purpose.
Advancement: The Boy Scout plans his advancement and progresses at his own pace as he meets each challenge. The steps in the advancement system help a Boy Scout grow in self-reliance and in the ability to help others.
Personal Growth: As Boy Scouts plan their activities and progress toward their goals, they experience personal growth. Boys grow as they participate in community service projects and do Good Turns for others. Frequent personal conferences with his Scoutmaster help each Boy Scout to determine his growth toward Scouting’s aims.
Leadership Development: The Boy Scout program encourages boys to learn and practice leadership skills. Understanding the concepts of leadership helps a boy accept the leadership role of others and guides him toward the citizenship aim of Scouting.
Uniform: The uniform makes the Boy Scout troop visible as a force for good and creates a positive youth image in the community. The uniform gives the Boy Scout identity in a world brotherhood of youth who believe in the same ideals. The uniform is practical attire for Boy Scout activities and provides a way for Boy Scouts to wear the badges that show what they have accomplished
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